Farmer Job Description

Any person who is engaged in the field of farming is termed as farmer. A farmer is busy in developing foliage and nurturing farm animals or cattle for human purpose. The crops are grown for fulfilling the need of food and animals are raised to give food and help them in the field.  A farmer may either own a farm of his own or he may work on the farm of another person as an employee. In most of the advanced countries a person working in the farm of another is customarily called a farmhand or farm worker. A farmer can sell his yield from his field or from the flea market. A farmer normally takes some yield of his farm for his use and sells the rest of the product outside. Persons who raise different types of farm animals are termed differently. The persons who breed, feed and manage different grazing animals like cattle, horses, goats, etc are called as ranchers in US. In Australia and UK they are termed as graziers and are called as stock-men. The persons who are normally engaged in the business of producing milk products from milk giving animals like cow, sheep, buffalo, etc.  There are some people who are more concerned in raising animals like ducks, chickens, geese, etc mainly for quill, egg, and meat. Such persons are called as poultry farmers. A truck farmer or a market gardener is one who grows different vegetable. One who is involved in his own farm is called as a dirt farmer in United States. In most of the developing countries in order to cultivate the crop yield the farmers use different methods like slash and burn, seed saving, crop rotation, etc. These types of farmers are called as a gardener in urbanized countries. The small farmers or an agricultural labourer were generally known as peasants. There exist sharecroppers who are tenant farmers who farm for the owner and are given the share of the yield as payment for their labour. In order to receive the monetary aid and tax deductions under the agricultural policy a person has to be a permanent farmer.  A farmer joins as a member of local, regional or national farmers’ unions or agricultural producers’ organizations. One of the important movements in agriculture was the Grange movement in the United States in the 20th century which brought out improvement in the lives of farmers. FNSEA deals with naturally reformed food in France. IFAP is having about 120 national farmers’ unions from 79 countries containing over 600 million of farmers as members.